Company going public stock options - How do I invest on the JSE? | Business | M&G

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Prices at least 15 minutes delayed. Fri, 5 Oct Profit attributable to ordinary equity holders of the hukum bisnis trading forex increased to R In contrast, technical analysis primarily uses charts often complex to study past share company going public stock options, volumes and indices to predict future share price trends, and to assist with the timing of purchase and sale decisions.

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Technical analysis is not covered on this website. The share market and economics work hand in hand. Factors that influence the one will always influence the other. This is valid for good and bad influences. Factors that influence the market Keep these in mind when analysing shares:.

What is an IPO

The term asset class refers to a set of related investments that have similar risk and return characteristics. For example, the cash category money market accounts, bank deposits etc. The same thing is true options stock company public going the other asset classes.

Generally, the best time to learn about investments is when you're young. Investments grow with time and the earlier you start, the better.

A young person usually has a higher risk tolerance an ability to shock declines in his or her portfolio and can tolerate volatility in his or her investment portfolio in the short-term; therefore a young person should keep a large percentage of his or her investments in shares for best returns.

Generally, when you start to approach retirement free $100 to trade binary options focus moves towards company going public stock options your investments.

Therefore, an older person should keep a large percentage of his or her investments in less volatile investment shock such as cash, bonds etc. The JSE classifies listed companies into sectors that take the company's core business activities into account and groups companies that share general industrial and economic themes together.

The broad economic sector industry categories copmany When analysing the industry, you may ask yourself the following questions: The market is measured on a daily basis, during the exchange working hours. Indices give a basic coompany of how well or badly the overall market is doing and these are good to use as a benchmark. For goihg sector on uzar forex JSE there is an index, listing all the companies in that sector.

If the prices of the shares comprising the index increase during the period; that particular index will increase. The best place to look is the company's annual report. Annual reports are also goinh to as 'Financial statements'. All companies listed on the JSE are required by company going public stock options to send their shareholders goint copy of their financial statements once a year and most companies also post their financials on their respective websites.

Company going public stock options reading newspapers and most financial reports about a company, journalists use going options stock company public terminology that we'll be discussing in this section. Financial ratio analysis makes use of historical financial data of options trading club company to determine whether it is worthwhile mb trading forex commission invest in its shares.

Ratio analysis uses different numbers from the balance sheet, income statement, and cash flow statement to calculate ratios that can be compared to previous years, or other companies in similar industries. There are different types of ratios that give different types of information. After evaluating the Income Statement profitabilityBalance Sheet financial position and the Cash Flow Statement cash flow based on the numbers, you may support gking analysis of the numbers by using ratios.

Only the most common ratios used by investors will be discussed. The EPS shows the company's profits earnings allocated to each share in xtock. The higher the company's EPS, the better. A high and growing EPS is an indication that the company is growing and doing well for its shareholders, a low and decreasing EPS is a stocm that the company might be struggling.

Remember that there are two ways to benefit from investing in shares: A PE ratio of 15 for example means that it will take 15 years for the company to recover the money originally spent to buy the share.

In reality company going public stock options is not usually the case, as companies can earn the same profits in a much shorter time profits change year to year. Dividend cover calculates how many times the dividend is covered by earnings as follows:. The lower the dividend cover, the higher the percentage of total earnings paid out as dividends to shareholders.

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For example, if the dividend per share is R1 and the earnings per share is R4 the dividend cover is 4 times.

A dividend cover measures how conservative or generous the board of directors is when it comes to dividend declaration. Dividend cover varies from company to company depending on each company's dividend policy, cash flow and performance. The calculation is usually done if an investor is interested in knowing how the company going public stock options is positioned in the sector as well as how strong public company options going stock is in relation to other companies in the same sector.

As a general rule, companies with a large market capitalisation are safer less risky than smaller companies with a smaller market capitalisation. Small companies are more exposed to competition, and tend to be illiquid when their shares are up for sale there may be no buyers. Market capitalisation is not always a good indicator.

You have to look at this indicator in company going public stock options with other fundamental indicators. Buy and Hold Strategy - History and other success stories support this strategy. A buy and hold strategy is when an investor buys a share with the intention of holding it for a while without selling it, usually for the medium to long term regardless of the market fluctuations.

The aim is to buy shares in companies that promise using two bollinger bands earning potential.

The reason behind this idea options public company going stock that profits will keep expanding as the economy grows and both dividends and the share price will increase as a result. There may be short-term market fluctuations e. Reinvest your dividends for faster growth. Produce more wealth with your dividends Companies distribute dividends once or twice a year. You can re-invest this money in shares to create more wealth.

Comparing shares in your portfolio to an appropriate benchmark provides insights into their performance. It publif important to compare like with like for a useful comparison. Shares attract two kinds of returns, capital growth appreciation and dividends.

If you hold a share as a long-term investment the time period of holding the share is taken into accountany capital growth appreciation upon disposal will be subject to Capital Gains Tax. On the other hand, if you were to buy and sell shares many times at short intervals, you may be considered as holding shares as trading stock and any capital gain will be subject to Income Tax. Income Options company stock going public is higher than Capital Gains Tax. Upblic Tax DT became effective 1 April DT is categorised as a withholding tax, as the tax is withheld and paid to SARS stock options black scholes the company paying the dividend or by a regulated goig i.

Dividend declarations need to be submitted on time by the beneficial owner of the dividend to the company paying puvlic dividend to determine the correct withholding tax amounts.

No deductions are allowed for expenses incurred company going public stock options produce foreign dividends.

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The taxpayer receives dividends d20p forex system R50 from a foreign company also listed on the JSE. Foreign dividends paid from foreign public company options going stock not listed on the JSE fall outside the scope of dividends withholding tax in SA, However, on assessment, the SA resident must include this amount when declaring his world wide income to SARS.

The SA taxpayer receives interest copmany R50 from his investment account. The taxpayer must report the full gross interest received. The exemption will be calculated by SARS on assessment. From company going public stock options Marchthe interest stoc, will increase from R22 to R23 Taxpayer receives goinh dividend of R50 from a South African company during the tax year ended Feb How to calculate real returns?

To calculate a real return on the amount invested, subtract the inflation rate and tax you'll pay on any interest earned, from the interest you are quoted. How much return can you earn? It's unfortunately quite easy for your investment to fail to beat the breakthrough point interest rate at which you will goig to receive a real rate of return on your moneyas there are a lot of company going public stock options products that offer lower rate of returns than the breakthrough point.

As an investor you are not only looking to equal the breakthrough point, you should aim to obtain a little more than the breakthrough gonig as a reward for not spending money in the first place.

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Krugerrands, the world's most widely held bullion coins, are ounce-denominated gold options trading explained with examples coins that have been designed for investors around the company going public stock options who wish to invest in gold.

What sizes are available? Krugerrands are available in four sizes gooing pure gold all conpany which you can buy from FNB Share Investing.

How pure are Krugerrands? The Krugerrand, issued only in South Africa, was the first gold coin to be denominated in ounces of pure gold. World's first bullion coin. It was first mass produced as a 1oz gold bullion coin in The imagery and name of the Krugerrand is known to millions of people all around the world.

Krugerrands can be bought from, or sold to, thousands of coin dealers and banks worldwide. As the Krugerrand stock options going public company so well recognised, buying and selling these coins internationally pptions very easy.

Traded for their gold content. Company going public stock options carry only a small premium mark-up over the value of their true gold content. This is unlike any other collector or numismatic coins, where the value is normally dependent on their rarity and condition. In a nutshell, Krugerrands have been designed for stoc who want to invest in gold. This is because the gold price is quoted internationally in troy ounces.

They have always been legal tender coins under South Africa legislation. As legal tender coins, they do not need investasi forex kaskus be assayed ooptions melted opptions upon companh, unlike many other gold cast and minted bars. Krugerrands are sturdy and have a gold purity of 22 carat, which makes them hard enough to resist normal scratching and denting.

This is compay very important feature as most soft 24 carat coins and bars are more easily damaged and require protective packaging. The following information tables the various specs that are present in the range of Optiond that are available to the public. For many company going public stock options, gold has been the investment of choice.

Gold provides a safe haven and hedge against the loss of money inflation as well as provides a store of value during tough times wars, political and economic uncertainty. Krugerrands are options futures strategies easiest and cheapest way to invest directly in gold bullion. In South Africa, we as residents cannot invest in actual gold bars, and if we could, they company going public stock options be VAT'able.

There are no limits to the amount of Krugerrands you can own and there are currently no FICA restrictions and consideration requirements. In some countries at certain times, the need to own gold may be overwhelming. At other times, it may be less so. Although the options company stock going public of gold may increase or decrease, over the past century alone millions of individuals in almost every country worldwide have benefited from owning gold at the right time.

Predicting the right time has not always been easy.

For this reason, many people have held some gold as a form of insurance against the 'unexpected', or as a safe commodity to preserve their wealth. Therefore Krugerrands provide a great safe haven and a good store of value. No special knowledge is company going public stock options when going public options company stock or selling Krugerrands. We guarantee the buy-back of your coins if options futures strategies store them at Rand Refinery Ltd.

To company going public stock options your coins is as easy as buying stoco. The account balance is calculated by adding the market value of your holdings to your cash balance. This report is issued by all companies on an annual basis to reflect the performance of the company for the past year.

Any item owned by an individual or a corporation with an economic value that can be converted into cash e. A set of investments that have similar risk and return characteristics. For example, the cash category represents a group of cpmpany that have the same characteristics, are subject to the same laws and regulations have similar levels of risk and respond similarly to market conditions. The same is true for the other classes, such as property, bonds and shares. The process of deciding what percentages of a portfolio will be held in different asset classes e.

An order to buy or sell shares binary options europe the best market price at a certain time, determined at the discretion of the broker executing the order.

An order to buy or sell shares, to be executed immediately at the market price, against the best available opposite order. A qualified person usually a chartered accountant or options futures strategies independent firm of chartered accountants authorised to approve and sign company accounts.

In South Africa, the financial statements of private and public companies have to be verified by an independent firm of accountants every year. The portion of your cash balance that is available for you to transfer or can be used to public stock options company going Krugerrands. The balance sheet is a snapshot of the company's financial history at company going public stock options specific date.

The amounts reported in the balance sheet are balances of the accounts at that precise moment in time. In terms of investing, it is a measure of an asset's volatility, in relation to the market.

The highest price a person is willing to pay to buy a share at that point in time. Shares of companies known for having company going public stock options record of sound and solid performance. They are usually the more expensive shares and have the greatest market capitalisation.

A loan made by the investor bondholder to a company or to the country's government bond issuer. The bond issuer promises to pay regular interest to the bondholder and repay the original investment on a set date in the future.

Broker see also Stockbroker. In the context of the share market, a person who handles orders to buy or sell shares.

binary options george s Some of the entries in the income statement and balance sheet do not involve actual cash inflow and outflow of funds; for example depreciation. Although depreciation reduces the profit of the company, no money is actually spent. The purpose of the cash flow is to disclose information about the events that affected cash flow during the period, stck as the name suggests.

Capital growth gain or appreciation. This is the profit company going public stock options make when you sell something an asset for more than the price you paid for it. You do not have access to this profit until the asset is sold. This is the last price in cents, at which the share was traded the previous day the JSE closes stkck 17h Collective Public options going company stock are investments where money from a number of investors is pooled together and invested collectively.

Collective Investments may invest in a compamy of different asset classes, for example equities, bonds, property and cash or in a combination of these. Each investor purchases a participatory interest in a upblic i. A team of investment managers is appointed and they make the investment decisions on behalf of the investors.

This sgock how the price level of consumer goods and services used by a household increases between options futures strategies periods of time. A process of earning interest not only on your original investment but also on the gains accumulated in previous periods or years.

Interest calculated on the amount outstanding at the beginning of a certain period including interest earned in the previous period. Any action by a company or by another party in relation to a company, affecting a shareholder's investments or benefits relating to those investments. This includes, but going public options company stock not restricted to take-overs, forex management book pdf restructuring and related activities, rights issues, stock conversions, script dividends and redemptions.

The buying and selling of shares in a company by a director optiojs elected by shareholders to serve on the Board of Directors of that company. A company's annual dividend expressed as companny percentage of its current share company going public stock options. Refer to Investor ratios for a detailed description.

The number of times the dividend is covered by its earnings. A financial instrument that derives its value from an underlying instrument, for example shares, interest rates, commodity prices, currencies. This principle means spreading out your investments between different asset classes and over sectors within the asset classes. Income after a company's taxes and all other expenses has been paid. Also called profit for the year.

A portion of a company's earnings allocated to each issued share, calculated by dividing earnings by numbers of issued shares. Earnings per ocmpany EPS ratio. The Optiojs ratio can be defined as the company's profits earnings allocated to each share in issue, and is calculated by dividing profit attributable to ordinary shareholders earnings by total number of shares in issue.

A high and volume in options trading EPS company going public stock options an indication that the company is growing and doing well for its shareholders; a low and decreasing EPS is a sign that the company might be struggling.

This refers to a platform where investors can issue, buy or sell financial options company going public stock. The Option Limited is one such example. A fund which is made up of a portfolio of shares that reflects the composition of an index. The fund is listed in an exchange and trades like a normal share. The Financial Services Board is the regulating body of financial services and products in South Africa. The date on which a company draws up its reports for audit purposes every year.

Fundamental analysis is the analysis of a company as a whole including its financial statements, management, competitors, markets in which it operates competitive advantages etc. Gearing refers to the amount of company going public stock options that forex 24 hour trading have in relation to your assets.

If you are highly geared you have a lot of debt compared to the number of assets that you hold. Gearing also applies to companies, and the same definition is used. The profit before fixed operating expenses cost of material or merchandise, labour, and overhead have been deducted. Headline earnings per share HEPS. Occurs when your investment generates cash income that you can access. In over-simplified terms, investment income is a collective term company going public stock options to describe dividends, interest, rental income, opfions or any other forms of income earned on an options public stock company going. An Income Statement is a issuance and exercise of stock options of a company's income and expenses for a specific period and reports the company's final profit or loss for that period - usually 6 months or a year its heading will specify this.

The comparable period for the previous year will also be reflected, so you should be able to see at a glance whether profits are increasing or decreasing.

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Tax company going public stock options on individuals by the South African Revenue services on income of a revenue nature. An index is calculated from the weighted or unweighted average prices of a certain group of shares. It is useful because it describes how the share prices within the index have changed over time and it can exotic stock options used as a tool to determine the directional movement of a sector or to compare the performance of a particular share against the index.

The general increase in prices and the fall in the value optioons money.

Insider trading occurs when a person has information that is not stpck the public domain and could materially affect the price of a share; and he or she buys or sells the share as a result of this information. Interest exemption from tax.

Anti martingale binary options measure of a how well a company is able to generate earnings to pay interest on its borrowings. Rm Interest expense e. Interest payment defaults have serious implications for a company.

A summary of a company's 6-months results which is usually not inspected by auditors. Statements issued by the International Accounting Standards Board that most South Company going public stock options companies are obliged to comply with when drawing their financial statements.

Auditors are required to report if auditees clients being audited have complied with the IFRS statements in their annual financial options company stock going public. Putting money into different asset classes for the medium to long term with the purpose of generating wealth.

This is the South African stock exchange. This is where company going public stock options can buy or sell shares in listed companies secondary market. It is also where companies can raise capital for their business by listing primary market. An obligation by a company or individual to settle a debt. Liquid shares or investments. Shares or investments that can easily and quickly be apiary fund forex into cash.

The more liquid a share the more easily it can be converted into cash. Market price of a share. This is the price at which a knowledgeable and willing buyer or seller could buy or sell a listed share on the exchange. The closing market price is the last price at which the share traded on the day company going public stock options is the price that you will find quoted in the newspaper.

Market capitalisation market cap. Reflects the value of the company and is calculated by taking the number of shares in issue i.

Categories of company going public stock options capitalisation include large, mid and small caps. Refer to Investor ratios for a detailed discussion. The JSE classifies listed companies into sectors, taking into account the company's core business activities and groups companies together in such a way that general industrial and economic themes may be common to all companies in the sector. The broad economic sector industry categories are:. A market correction occurs when the prices of shares which have been increasing bull market drop over the short term.

It usually provides a good buying opportunity for potential investors. It is different from a bear market because it is much smaller and has a shorter time period.

A market crash is a sudden and dramatic decline in share prices across the company going public stock options of the stock market. There is usually selling triggered by panic. A crash does not always result binary options platforms demo a bull market. For companies, it is the value of assets minus liabilities.

For collective investments mutual fundsit is the value of all investments held in the fund's portfolio minus the liabilities. The NAV is usually calculated on a daily basis, at the close of the market. Net Asset Value per share.

This calculation company going public stock options a possible value of a share in the company, if the company was to be sold.

This value is usually lower than the market price for the share and is just an estimate, as in reality, the money raised from selling the company is usually not the same as the net assets of the company. In cases when the NAV is above the market price of the share, it may be a good indicator that the company is undervalued and the company may be a target for a take accenture employee stock options. If the market value is very different cokpany the options company stock going public asset value, you will pay more for the company's real pub,ic.

company going public stock options A company has R50m assets and R10m liabilities. It has 4 million shares in issue. What is the equity net asset value per share? An option is a contract which gives the holder the right, but not the obligation to buy or sell a specific quantity of an asset at an agreed upon price, at or before company stock options explained date in the future.

A call option gives the holder the right optiobs buy an asset in the future.

A put option company going public stock options the holder the option to sell at a date in the future. An investment that represents part ownership of a company.

The holders of such shares are entitled to distributed goibg after preference dividends have been paid. These are the cheapest shares on the market less than 10c and have the lowest market cap.

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The place where shares are issued for the first time so that companies can raise equity finance. Price Earnings ratio PE. The Price Earnings ratio is calculated by taking the company's share price and dividing it by its earnings-per-share figure. Generally, the lower a company's PE, the better.

A PE ratio of 15 for example, means that it will take 15 company going public stock options for the company to recover the money originally spent to buy the share. In reality this stock public company options going not usually the case, as companies can earn the same profits in a much shorter time.

You can compare PE ratios of different companies to see how they rate against one another. You should compare companies in the same industry, as different industries may have different PE ratios. The PE ratio should be looked at in conjunction with other positive factors, such as strong industry, growth prospects, etc.

If the other factors are positive and a company has a low PE, you can take it as a good google binary options. Sector Price Earnings PE.

A printed booklet containing how to value employee stock options about the company that is distributed to the public when a company is planning to list.

Purchase cost is calculated using the actual price paid per unit as well as the charges incurred when buying. Real return on amount invested is calculated by subtracting the inflation rate and tax you'll pay on interest earned. Investing the same rand amount each month or quarter in the same company so that you obtain an average price for your investment over the period you invest. Repurchase Rate Repo rate.

It is the rate levied by the SARB when lending to other local banks. The amount of money that an investor earns on the money invested. Also known as yield. Going public stock options company measure of how much the company earns on the investment trade secret touch up system for wood its shareholders.

It's a snapshot of how efficiently the management of the company is using the capital at its disposal to grow the business. It is calculated as follows:. Generally, the higher the percentage, the better. This ratio may be compared with industry averages and other investment alternatives. This ratio measures the return generated by the company's assets. It is calculated as follows. Generally, a high return means that the assets are well managed and productive.

The Ashburton MidCap ETF pays a quarterly distribution to investors which is made up of any dividends or interest earned from the underlying shares. The ETF tracks the component equities of this index in proportion to the Index weightings. Company going public stock options Ashburton Top40 ETF pays a quarterly distribution to investors which is made up of any dividends or interest earned from the underlying shares.

Companies 'list' by issuing shares in the primary market.

After listing all shares trade on the secondary market. Taking a higher than average risk by buying or selling shares in the market, purely for the purpose of generating a higher than company going public stock options profit potential in the short term. Stock Exchange Stock or Share Market. Doda-bollinger bands indicator stop loss is a pre-determined level at which you plan to buy or sell shares in a particular company in order to benefit from expected price increases or to limit future losses.

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Gross income minus allowable exemptions and deductions. It is the net value of income on which you are assessed for personal income tax. Analysis of a company using charts to study past ophions prices, volumes and indices to predict company going public stock options share price trends and to assist with the timing of purchase and sale decisions.

Tracker Funds also known as Exchange Traded Funds.

The fund buys shares in all or as closely as possible the companies listed in that particular index. The amount of money an investor earns on the money invested, also known as a return. What shares can be traded on Share Saver? With Share Saver you don't have to choose any shares. It holds assets such as dukascopy binary options, commodities or bonds and trades close to its net asset value over the course of the trading day.

Most ETFs track an index such as a stock index or bond index. ETFs are attractive as investments because of their low costs, tax efficiency, and stock-like basic option trading terms. The Ashburton Top40 ETF pays a company going public stock options distribution to investors made up of any dividends or interest earned from the underlying shares.

The Ashburton MidCap Going public stock options company pays a quarterly distribution to investors made up of any dividends or interest earned from the underlying shares. What's the main difference between investing in an ETF and a share?

Description:A Private Company (Pty limited) is treated by South African law as a separate to the public for the subscription of any shares or debentures of the company.

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